This page contains data that we have either published or used. Most of our data is stored in the Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity (KNB)–an international repository to facilitate reproducible ecological and environmental research. The data used in our published papers are also made publicly available and can also be found as a link on our Publications page.

Vintage Data:  Data were analyzed in Cook & Wolkovich, ‘Climate change decouples drought from early wine grape harvests in France’ published in Nature Climate Change 2016. Also used in Morales-Castilla et al. 2020.

Budburst and leafout phenology of 50 varieties of winegrapes: Grown in greenhouse conditions, with 10 varieties also grown in growth chambers for heat tolerance of flowering study.

UC-Davis Robert Mondavi Institute: Phenological data on winegrape varieties monitored at Robert Mondavi Institute in Davis, California. 

Historical Climate data: BEST 

Region by region lists of winegrape varieties: This list come from the book, Which winegrape varieties are grown where? A global empirical picture by Anderson and Aryal. 

Shape files of the world’s winegrowing regions based maps from 2007:  Files from the Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.

Data for Morales-Castilla et al. (2020)Cultivar diversity buffers winegrowing regions from climate change losses 

(See Publications) This paper brought together climate, phenology and variety diversity data; most of which were already published and publicly-available. We review our sources below; if you have questions contact us.

      • Climate Data:
        • Data for climate projections:  Kay JE, et al. (2015) The Community Earth System Model (CESM) Large Ensemble Project A community resource for studying climate change in the presence of internal climate variability. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 96(8):1333–1349.
        • Historical Climate Data (BEST)
      • Phenological data: 
        • Parker AK, García De Cortázar-Atauri I, van Leeuwen C, Chuine I (2011) General phenological model to characterise the timing of flowering and veraison of Vitis vinifera L. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 17(2): 206–216. 
        • Bock A, Sparks T, Estrella N, Menzel A (2011) Changes in the phenology and composition of wine from Franconia, Germany. Climate Research 50(1): 69–81.
        • Malheiro AC, et al. (2013) Winegrape phenology and temperature relationships in the Lisbon wine region, Portugal. Journal International Des Sciences De La Vigne Et Du Vin 47(4):287–299.
        • Ruml M, Korac N, Vujadinovic M, Vukovic A, Ivanisevic D (2016) Response of grapevine phenology to recent temperature change and variability in the wine-producing area of Sremski Karlovci, Serbia. Journal of Agricultural Science 154(2):186–206.
        • Cayan D, Nicholas KA, Tyree M, Dettinger M (2011) Climate and phenology in Napa Valley: A compilation and analysis of dhistorical data. Private report to the Napa Valley Vintners., Executive summary report.
        • Wolkovich EM, Burge DO, Walker MA, Nicholas KA (2017) Phenological diversity provides opportunities for climate change adaptation in winegrapes. Journal of Ecology 105(4):905–912.
      • Variety Diversity Data
        • Anderson K, Aryal NR (2015) Which winegrape varieties are grown where? A global empirical picture. (University of Adelaide Press).
        • Morales-Castilla I, Fernández-Pastor M, Wolkovich EM (2019) Winegrowing regions of the world 2007. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.