Growing Season: Extreme Heat

Winegrape varieties have different heat tolerances. Extreme heat in the summer months may be damaging to certain varieties, but not others, depending on the exact temperature, water status and variety. Choosing the best variety for a vineyard depends in part on knowing current and future maximum summer temperatures. 

The mean maximum daily temperatures for each of the summer months (June,  July,  August,  September) are displayed in the maps below for the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia, Canada. 

The maps below have three tabs, each shows the same information but allows you to visualize it in a slightly different way. 

    • One the first tab (Interactive) you can zoom in and out. Importantly you can see the warming scenarios by clicking on the small square showing three layers in the upper right corner of the map; for best viewing we recommend checking only one box at a time of the three options (Historical, Moderate warming, High warming). This box also lets you change the underlying map (basic topographic or  imagery, which gives satellite views).
    • The middle tab (Compare Warming Scenarios) shows the historical, moderate warming and high warming scenarios side-by-side for easy comparison.
    • The right tab (Anomalies) shows how much of a change occurs from the recent (historical) past versus the moderate (MW) and high (HW) warming scenarios. 

More information about these maps can be found below, here

Mean Maximum Daily Temperatures: June

Mean Maximum Daily Temperatures: July

Mean Maximum Daily Temperatures: August

Mean Maximum Daily Temperatures: September

More Information

Anomalies:
Anomalies are a metric which highlight the change in a variable (minimum temperature, for example) from the recent historical average (1970 – 1989). Positive values indicate a projected increase from the past. For example, a value of -2 would mean temperatures will be two degrees cooler than the historical average, while a value of 2 would be two degrees warmer than the historical average. 

Warming Scenarios:
TwoTwo warming scenarios are represented in the data. The Moderate Warming (MW) and High Warming (HW) scenarios are represented by averaging the data for the periods of years between 2040 – 2059 and 2070 – 2089, respectively. These warming scenarios represent projected future climate based on a high emissions scenario at two timepoints in the future. For more information on the climate scenarios see, About.

Average Anomalies (Warming Scenario – Historical): 

Mean Maximum Daily Temperature Anomalies:

      • June: the historical average temperature is 23.7 °C, with warming temperatures rise:
        • Moderate Warming: 5.3 °C
        • High Warming: 7.9 °C
      • July: the historical average temperature is 26.9 °C, with warming temperatures rise:
        • Moderate Warming: 7.5 °
        • High Warming: 11.5 °C
      • August: the historical average temperature is 26.7 °C, with warming temperatures rise:
        • Moderate Warming: 6.1 °C
        • High Warming: 9.9 °C
      • September: the historical average temperature is 20.3 °C, with warming temperatures rise:
        • Moderate Warming: 5.9 °C
        • High Warming: 9.6 °C

Funding:

Funding for the climate maps component of this project has been provided in part by the Canada Research Chair in Temporal Ecology and in part by the governments of Canada and British Columbia under the Canadian Agricultural Partnership, a federal-provincial-territorial initiative.
Funding is administered by the Investment Agriculture Foundation of BC and the BC Agricultural Research & Development Corporation. This project is part of the Farm Adaptation Innovator Program delivered by the Climate & Agriculture Initiative BC.